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#1 2020-11-19 02:53:42

Inscription : 2020-11-12
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A comparative study of adsorption onto granular activated carbon

A comparative study of adsorption of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) onto granular activated carbon, ion-exchange polymers and non-ion-exchange polymersgranular activated carbon gac

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is the latest chemical categorized as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). PFOS appears in the environmental water and tap water in ng L(-1) level. The process of adsorption has been identified as an effective technique to eliminate PFOS in water. Three non-ion-exchange polymers (DowV493, DowL493 and AmbXAD4), two ion-exchange polymers (DowMarathonA and AmbIRA400) and one granular activated carbon (GAC) (Filtersorb400) were tested with regard to their sorption kinetics and isotherms at low PFOS concentrations (100-1000 ng L(-1) equilibrium concentrations). The sorption capacities at 1 microg L(-1) equilibrium concentration decreased in the following order: ion-exchange polymers>non-ion-exchange polymers > GAC, but at further low equilibrium concentration (100 ng L(-1)) non-ion-exchange polymers showed higher adsorption capacity than other adsorbents. In the case of sorption kinetics, GAC and ion-exchange polymers reached the equilibrium concentration within 4 h and AmbXAD4 within 10 h. DowV493 and DowL493 took more than 80 h to reach equilibrium concentration. AmbIRA400 was identified as the best filter material to eliminate PFOS at equilibrium concentration > 1000 ng L(-1). Considering both adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics, AmbXAD4 and DowMarathonA were recommended to eliminate PFOS at ng L(-1) equilibrium

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